On the floor of the Great Rift Valley, surrounded by wooded and bushy grassland, lies the beautiful Lake Nakuru National Park. Visitors can enjoy the wide ecological diversity and varied habitats that range from Lake Nakuru itself to the surrounding escarpment and picturesque ridges. Lake Nakuru National Park is ideal for bird watching, hiking,picnic and game drives.

Background Information


Lake Nakuru was first gazetted as a bird sanctuary in 1960 and upgraded to National Park status in 1968. The Park has Kenya’s largest population of rhinos. The surface of the Lake Nakuru occupies about a third of the park. It supports a dense bloom of the blue-green Cyanophyte Spirulina platensis from which it derives its colour and is a food source for flamingos. During peak season over millions of flamingos and Pelicans congregate on the lake. Its birdlife is rich: a beacon for leading ornithologists, scientists and wildlife film-makers.

The park spans an attractive range of wooded and bushy grassland around the lake, offering a wide ecological diversity, from its lake water to rocky escarpments. The picturesque landscape encompasses areas of sedge, marsh and grasslands, rocky cliffs and outcrops, stretches of yellow-barked acacia woodland, and on the eastern perimeter, rocky hillsides covered with forests of curious-looking Euphorbia trees. The backdrop is the hilly, broken country of the sides of Great Rift Valley. The lake itself is shallow and alkaline and is around 62 sq km (24sq miles) in extent. Game viewing is relatively easy in Nakuru National Park, and it is not uncommon to spot leopard in trees - and even Nakuru’s lions sometimes climb trees. The scenery and birdlife are also spectacular, and thus it is not surprisingly one of Kenya’s most visited and popular parks. .

Experience Lake Nakuru National Park

Lake Nakuru National Park is renowned as a bird sanctuary with over 400 bird species, including huge flocks of flamingoes and many other water birds. It is an excellent park for wildlife spotting and is home to many water-loving animals such as hippos and waterbucks.

Both the Lesser and Greater Flamingos are non-breeding visitors to this lake. The lake’s water-levels vary according to rainfall and the inflow of the small Njoro River. As conditions and food supplies alter, so do the numbers of flamingos, although there are always some flamingos present, as well as a wealth of other bird life, including White Pelicans, which have increased considerably since the alkaline-tolerant fish Talapia ghrahami was introduced to the lake. These pelicans breed on the islands of nearby Lake Elmenteita and many of them fly into Nakuru daily to feed, creating an eye-catching aerial display. Ducks, Plovers, Stints, Sandpipers, birds of prey and many woodland birds also help to make Lake Nakuru National Park a bird-lover’s paradise.

Locate Lake Nakuru National Park

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